Many factors prevent around the clock shared uses for privately constructed and owned parking areas that otherwise could meet demand for a variety of trip purposes with a lower overall demand for total square footage committed to asphalt. These include land use driven-parking policy requirements, market-driven development practices, single-point insurance and indemnification requirements, lack of community-level coordinated parking siting and demand planning and limited focus on local site access management design and roadway connections.
The implications of the overdevelopment of parking areas challenge community quality of life and sustainability. Impacts include reduced land area available for structures and facilities that add to community ratables, capacity constraints to public transportation parking access, increased stormwater management requirements related to area of impervious surfaces, increased vehicle access needs, traffic flow and safety impacts across pedestrian sidewalks and bicycle lanes, low human presence and activity affecting security, and increased construction and maintenance costs imposed on businesses that impact the price of goods and services.
Develop community policy template guidelines, legal empowerment strategies and market insurance reforms and products that facilitate:
• Community parking area siting and access controls
• Community-level parking demand evaluation methods and policy requirements, with considerations of multi-modal access capacity availability and presence
• Shared-use parking liability partnering, cost and indemnification solutions
• Incentivizing "highest use" community zoning and taxation policies
• Designing financial incentives and penalties to control permeable surface and site access design needs
• Leveraging public-private partnership and market-based parking supply and management opportunities
• Development of business-based parking management and sharing organizations and re-envisioning of community parking authorities.