Determining the Effect of Transit Oriented Development on How Residents use Transit In Reserve

Transit Oriented Development is a form of real estate development that concentrates development around transportation hubs, such as train stations, significant bus facilities, or light rail stations. Typically, these developments emphasize a mixture of dense primary uses, combining residential and commercial uses in close proximity to one another in order to promote the use of public transit, as well as pedestrian and cyclist access. By encouraging growth around transit hubs, municipalities are able to more efficiently capitalize on public investment, foster economic growth for local businesses, and create communities that are safer for pedestrians and more environmentally friendly.


New Jersey has experienced a significant increase in Transit Oriented Development over the past decade. While the general benefits of Transit Oriented Development have been widely examined, it is unclear as to how residents in new Transit Oriented Developments in New Jersey use transit, and whether or not these developments have had an impact on transit usage patterns overall. This research project proposes a survey of residents in Transit Oriented Developments throughout New Jersey in order to examine the impact, if any, that these developments have had on transit use, as well as how, for what purpose, and how often residents in these developments use the transit services they live nearby.

Idea Submitted by Susan O'Donnell, Senior Director for Business Analysis and Research

List your Agency /Division / Bureau, County, City Univ. or Other NJ TRANSIT

Idea Champion - Who at NJDOT, NJ Transit or NJ Motor Vehicle? (if known) Megan Massey, Assistant Director Transit Friendly Land Use, NJ TRANSIT

Why is this a priority and what are the benefits for the State/County/City?

By developing a more comprehensive understanding of how residents of Transit Oriented Developments in New Jersey use transit, the State can more effectively analyze the success of its Transit Village Initiative, as well as identify key areas where investment in the transit system is most crucial. With this understanding, New Jersey can take further steps to become a national leader in increasing housing affordability, improving the quality of the environment and reducing automobile congestion, and promoting economic growth and social equity through community revitalization.

Archive: 2019 Ideas
Archive: 2019 Ideas
Idea No. 160