Transit Oriented Development is a form of real estate development that concentrates development around transportation hubs, such as train stations, significant bus facilities, or light rail stations. Typically, these developments emphasize a mixture of dense primary uses, combining residential and commercial uses in close proximity to one another in order to promote the use of public transit, as well as pedestrian and cyclist access. By encouraging growth around transit hubs, municipalities are able to more efficiently capitalize on public investment, foster economic growth for local businesses, and create communities that are safer for pedestrians and more environmentally friendly.
New Jersey has experienced a significant increase in Transit Oriented Development over the past decade. While the general benefits of Transit Oriented Development have been widely examined, it is unclear as to how residents in new Transit Oriented Developments in New Jersey use transit, and whether or not these developments have had an impact on transit usage patterns overall. This research project proposes a survey of residents in Transit Oriented Developments throughout New Jersey in order to examine the impact, if any, that these developments have had on transit use, as well as how, for what purpose, and how often residents in these developments use the transit services they live nearby.