Collision avoidance warning systems are available for cars and trucks to detect and warn drivers of potential forward collisions and automatically initiate deceleration and braking. These systems offer the potential to significantly reduce fatalities, injuries and casualty and liability expenses. However, more development is needed to apply them to buses.
In the five year period from 2015 to 2019, NJ TRANSIT reported 1,261 bus collisions, 20 fatalities, 2,468 injuries, and $112,109,286.00 in casualty and liability expenses, of which about 70% is estimated to result from collisions. The casualty and liability expense per bus averages $6,963 per bus per year. There is a clear business case for investing in CAWS/AEB systems. NJ TRANSIT should initiate a program for CAWS/AEB development.