NJ TRANSIT rail stations operate as multimodal hubs, often with access to at least one other transit mode in addition to vehicle and non-motorized access. Over the past five years, select stations on the rail network have experienced significant increases in bicycle parking demand. This study will consist of three phases, with an end goal of developing a methodology for prioritizing locations of future bicycle parking investments.
Phase 1 is to conduct background research on existing bike investment strategies at other transit agencies. This will include identifying data elements and performance measures used for investment prioritization.
Phase 2 is to collect data. A bicycle parking demand assessment is needed to determine parking capacity at stations. A bike parking demand assessment would involve counting bicycles parked at rail stations or on adjacent properties. This includes bikes parked at racks as well as bikes parked on sign posts, parking meters, fences, etc. To determine a "peak demand", counts must be conducted in good weather, during the months of highest bicycle use, typically May to September.
Phase 3 is methodology development. Once demand for parking has been assessed, a parking utilization rate can be calculated from NJ TRANSIT's existing bike parking facility inventory. Bike parking utilization, in addition to other measures identified in Phase 1, will form the basis for identifying locations that should be prioritized for investment. Locations with a high vehicle utilization rate should also be given priority for bike parking expansion. This offers alternative parking for transit customers and maximizes all modes at a station before pursuing expansion of vehicle parking.