Methodology Development for Bicycle Parking Investment Prioritization In Reserve

NJ TRANSIT rail stations operate as multimodal hubs, often with access to at least one other transit mode in addition to vehicle and non-motorized access. Over the past five years, select stations on the rail network have experienced significant increases in bicycle parking demand. This study will consist of three phases, with an end goal of developing a methodology for prioritizing locations of future bicycle parking investments.


Phase 1 is to conduct background research on existing bike investment strategies at other transit agencies. This will include identifying data elements and performance measures used for investment prioritization.


Phase 2 is to collect data. A bicycle parking demand assessment is needed to determine parking capacity at stations. A bike parking demand assessment would involve counting bicycles parked at rail stations or on adjacent properties. This includes bikes parked at racks as well as bikes parked on sign posts, parking meters, fences, etc. To determine a "peak demand", counts must be conducted in good weather, during the months of highest bicycle use, typically May to September.


Phase 3 is methodology development. Once demand for parking has been assessed, a parking utilization rate can be calculated from NJ TRANSIT's existing bike parking facility inventory. Bike parking utilization, in addition to other measures identified in Phase 1, will form the basis for identifying locations that should be prioritized for investment. Locations with a high vehicle utilization rate should also be given priority for bike parking expansion. This offers alternative parking for transit customers and maximizes all modes at a station before pursuing expansion of vehicle parking.

Idea Submitted by Susan O'Donnell

List your Agency /Division / Bureau, County, City Univ. or Other NJ TRANSIT Market Research

Idea Champion - Who at NJDOT, NJ Transit or NJ Motor Vehicle? (if known) Jennifer Buison, NJ TRANSIT Capital Planning

Why is this a priority and what are the benefits for the State/County/City?

Investing in bike parking is a key strategy for maximizing multimodal access to transit stations. Convenient and low cost (or free) parking is a tangible benefit to transit customers, and encourages bicycle use as an access mode to transit. Improved bike access also has the potential to reduce traffic congestion near stations and relieve vehicle parking demand, which can be a benefit to communities that host rail stations.

Archive: 2018 Ideas
Archive: 2018 Ideas
Idea No. 82